Nutrition and sport
We work according to the principle of the sports nutrition pyramid developed by the Dutch Association of Sports Dietetics (VSN). This allows (sports) dietitians to better and more clearly explain how good sports nutrition advice is structured. The pyramid shows that good sports nutrition is based on good basic nutrition.
Sports dietitians have known the principle of the sports nutrition pyramid for some time, but there was not yet a good representation. The new sports nutrition pyramid of the VSN clearly shows the order and proportion of the components that make up sports nutrition.
The diet of every athlete starts with a healthy basic diet, the bottom layer of the pyramid. If you exercise at a recreational level, you will need a healthy diet in the basic. Whether you exercise for pleasure, to stay fit, to become stronger or to lose weight; a good basic diet is the foundation.
A healthy basic diet provides you with all the nutrients your body needs: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, moisture and dietary fiber. Everyone needs all these nutrients. When the basic diet is in order, you have laid a good foundation for optimum sport performance.
Do you want more, do you want to improve your performance, can train longer at an intensive level or a faster recovery after a heavy effort? Then the basic diet may not be enough and a good sports diet can help you. And we will look at products from the middle layer: the sport-specific food. These are sports drinks, sports bars or sports gels that can be taken around a workout or exercise, depending on the type, intensity and duration of the exercise.
The clock is a new component in this layer, because the following applies here: timing is important! The moment of taking in extra fluid or nutrients has a major influence on the recovery of muscles and carbohydrate stores and on the prevention of dehydration.
For top athletes, sport supplements can improve performance, provided they are not harmful to health and are not on the doping list.
Supplements are the very last step to improve your performance, and there are many supplements on the market that simply do nothing. Sometimes, despite a good basic diet, there may be a shortage of certain nutrients, such as iron or vitamin D.
The use of supplements is then a possibility, whereby it is advisable to consult this with a sports doctor or a sports dietitian.